Book , Print in English

Descriptive inorganic, coordination, and solid state chemistry

Glen E. Rodgers.
  • Belmont, CA : Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning, ©2012.
  • 3rd ed.
  • xxviii, p. : illustrations(some colored) ; 26 cm.
Subjects
Contents
  • 1. Evolving Realm of Inorganic Chemistry
  • Summary
  • pt. I Coordination Chemistry
  • 2. Introduction to Coordination Chemistry
  • 2.1. Historical Perspective
  • 2.2. History of Coordination Compounds
  • Early Compounds
  • Blomstrand-Jørgensen Chain Theory
  • Werner Coordination Theory
  • 2.3. Modern View of Coordination Compounds
  • 2.4. Introduction to the Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 3. Structures of Coordination Compounds
  • 3.1. Stereoisomers
  • 3.2. Octahedral Coordination Spheres
  • Compounds with Monodentate Ligands
  • Compounds with Chelating Ligands
  • 3.3. Square Planar Coordination Spheres
  • 3.4. Tetrahedral Coordination Spheres
  • 3.5. Other Coordination Spheres
  • 3.6. Structural Isomers
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 4. Bonding Theories for Coordination Compounds
  • 4.1. Early Bonding Theories
  • Lewis Acid-Base Definition
  • Crystal Field, Valence-Bond, and Molecular Orbital Theories
  • 4.2. Crystal Field Theory
  • Shapes of 3d Orbitals
  • Octahedral Fields
  • Tetragonally Distorted Octahedral and Square Planar Fields
  • Tetrahedral Fields
  • 4.3. Consequences and Applications of Crystal Field Splitting
  • Crystal Field Splitting Energies versus Pairing Energies
  • Crystal Field Stabilization Energies
  • Factors Affecting the Magnitude of the Crystal Field Splitting Energies
  • Magnetic Properties
  • Absorption Spectroscopy and the Colors of Coordination Compounds
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 5. Rates and Mechanisms of Reactions of Coordination Compounds
  • 5.1. Brief Survey of Reaction Types
  • 5.2. Labile and Inert Coordination Compounds
  • 5.3. Substitution Reactions of Octahedral Complexes
  • Possible Mechanisms
  • Experimental Complications
  • Evidence for Dissociative Mechanisms
  • Explanation of Inert versus Labile Complexes
  • 5.4. Redox, or Electron-Transfer, Reactions
  • Outer-Sphere Mechanisms
  • Inner-Sphere Mechanisms
  • 5.5. Substitution Reactions in Square Planar Complexes: The Kinetic Trans Effect
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 6. Applications of Coordination Compounds
  • 6.1. Applications of Monodentate Complexes
  • 6.2. Two Keys to the Stability of Transition Metal Complexes
  • Hard and Soft Acids and Bases
  • Chelate Effect
  • 6.3. Applications of Multidentate Complexes
  • 6.4. Chelating Agents as Detergent Builders
  • 6.5. Bioinorganic Applications of Coordination Chemistry
  • Oxygen Transport
  • Therapeutic Chelating Agents for Heavy Metals
  • Platinum Antitumor Agents
  • Ruthenium Antitumor Agents
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • pt. II Solid-State Chemistry
  • 7. Solid-State Structures
  • 7.1. Types of Crystals
  • Ionic Crystals
  • Metallic Crystals
  • Covalent Network Crystals
  • Atomic-Molecular Crystals
  • 7.2. A-Type Crystal Lattices
  • Space Lattices and Unit Cells
  • A-Type Lattices
  • 7.3. ABn-Type Crystal Lattices
  • Cubic, Octahedral, and Tetrahedral Holes
  • Radius Ratios
  • Ionic Radii
  • AB Structures
  • AB2 Structures
  • 7.4. Structures Involving Polyatomic Molecules and Ions
  • 7.5. Defect Structures
  • 7.6. Spinel Structures: Connecting Crystal Field Effects with Solid-State Structures
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 8. Solid-State Energetics
  • 8.1. Lattice Energy: A Theoretical Evaluation
  • 8.2. Lattice Energy: Thermodynamic Cycles
  • Electron Affinities
  • Heats of Formation for Unknown Compounds
  • Thermochemical Radii
  • 8.3. Lattice Energies and Ionic Radii: Connecting Crystal Field Effects with Solid-State Energetics
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • pt. III Descriptive Chemistry of the Representative Elements
  • 9. Building a Network of Ideas to Make Sense of the Periodic Table
  • 9.1. Periodic Law
  • Effective Nuclear Charge
  • Slater's Rules: Empirical Rules for Determining Sigma
  • Atomic Radii
  • Ionization Energy
  • Electron Affinity
  • Electronegativity
  • 9.2. Uniqueness Principle
  • Small Size of the First Elements
  • Increased Likelihood of Pi Bonding in the First Elements
  • Lack of Availability of d Orbitals in the First Elements
  • 9.3. Diagonal Effect
  • 9.4. Inert-Pair Effect
  • 9.5. Metal-Nonmetal Line
  • Status of the Network of Interconnected Ideas
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 10. Hydrogen and Hydrides
  • 10.1. Origin of the Elements (And of Us!)
  • 10.2. Discovery, Preparation, and Uses of Hydrogen
  • 10.3. Isotopes of Hydrogen
  • 10.4. Radioactive Processes Involving Hydrogen
  • Alpha and Beta Decay, Nuclear Fission, and Deuterium
  • Tritium
  • 10.5. Hydrides and the Network
  • Covalent Hydrides
  • Ionic Hydrides
  • Metallic Hydrides
  • 10.6. Role of Hydrogen in Various Alternative Energy Sources
  • Hydrogen Economy
  • Nuclear Fusion
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 11. Oxygen, Aqueous Solutions, and the Acid-Base Character of Oxides and Hydroxides
  • 11.1. Oxygen
  • Discovery
  • Occurrence, Preparation, Properties, and Uses
  • 11.2. Water and Aqueous Solutions
  • Structure of the Water Molecule
  • Ice and Liquid Water
  • Solubility of Substances in Water
  • Self-Ionization of Water
  • 11.3. Acid-Base Character of Oxides and Hydroxides in Aqueous Solution: The Sixth Component of the Interconnected Network of Ideas for Understanding the Periodic Table
  • Oxides: General Expectations from the Network
  • Oxides in Aqueous Solution (Acidic and Basic Anhydrides)
  • E-O-H Unit in Aqueous Solution
  • Addition to the Network
  • 11.4. Relative Strengths of Oxoacids and Hydroacids in Aqueous Solution
  • Oxoacids
  • Nomenclature of Oxoacids and Corresponding Salts (Optional)
  • Hydroacids
  • 11.5. Ozone
  • 11.6. Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 12. Group 1A: The Alkali Metals
  • 12.1. Discovery and Isolation of the Elements
  • 12.2. Fundamental Properties and the Network
  • Hydrides, Oxides, Hydroxides, and Halides
  • Application of the Uniqueness Principle and Diagonal Effect
  • 12.3. Reduction Potentials and the Network
  • 12.4. Peroxides and Superoxides
  • Peroxides
  • Superoxides
  • 12.5. Reactions and Compounds of Practical Importance
  • 12.6. Selected Topic in Depth: Metal-Ammonia Solutions
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 13. Group 2A: The Alkaline-Earth Metals
  • 13.1. Discovery and Isolation of the Elements
  • Calcium, Barium, and Strontium
  • Magnesium
  • Beryllium
  • Radium
  • 13.2. Fundamental Properties and the Network
  • Hydrides, Oxides, Hydroxides, and Halides
  • Uniqueness of Beryllium and Diagonal Relationship to Aluminum
  • 13.3. Reactions and Compounds of Practical Importance
  • Beryllium Disease
  • Radiochemical Uses
  • Metallurgical Uses
  • Fireworks and X Rays
  • Hard Water
  • Calcium in Bone and Teeth Structure
  • 13.4. Selected Topic in Depth: The Commercial Uses of Calcium Compounds
  • CaCO3 (Limestone)
  • CaO (Quicklime) and Ca(OH)2 (Slaked Lime)
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 14. Group 3A Elements
  • 14.1. Discovery and Isolation of the Elements
  • Boron
  • Aluminum
  • Gallium
  • Indium and Thallium
  • 14.2. Fundamental Properties and the Network
  • Hydrides, Oxides, Hydroxides, and Halides
  • 14.3. Structural Aspects of Boron Chemistry
  • Allotropes
  • Borides
  • Borates
  • 14.4. Reactions and Compounds of Practical Importance
  • Aluminum Metal and Alloys
  • Alums
  • Alumina
  • Boron Neutron Capture Therapy
  • Gallium, Indium, and Thallium Compounds
  • 14.5. Selected Topic in Depth: Electron-Deficient Compounds
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 15. Group 4A Elements
  • 15.1. Discovery and Isolation of the Elements
  • Carbon, Tin, and Lead
  • Silicon
  • Germanium
  • 15.2. Fundamental Properties and the Network
  • Hydrides
  • Oxides and Hydroxides
  • Halides
  • 15.3. Eighth Component of the Interconnected Network: dπ-pπ Bonding Involving Elements of the Second and Third Periods
  • 15.4. Reactions and Compounds of Practical Importance
  • Diamond, Graphite, and the Graphenes
  • Tin Disease
  • Radiochemical Uses
  • Carbon Compounds
  • Lead Compounds and Toxicology
  • 15.5. Silicates, Silica, and Aluminosilicates
  • Silicates and Silica
  • Aluminosilicates
  • 15.6. Selected Topics in Depth: Semiconductors and Glass
  • Semiconductors
  • Glass
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 16. Group 5A: The Pnicogens
  • 16.1. Discovery and Isolation of the Elements
  • Antimony and Arsenic
  • Phosphorus
  • Bismuth
  • Nitrogen
  • 16.2. Fundamental Properties and the Network
  • Uniqueness Principle
  • dπ-pπ Bonding Involving Elements of the Second and Third Periods
  • Other Network Components
  • Hydrides
  • Oxides and Oxoacids
  • Halides
  • 16.3. Survey of Nitrogen Oxidation States
  • Nitrogen (-3) Compounds: Nitrides and Ammonia
  • Nitrogen (-2): Hydrazine, N2H4
  • Nitrogen (-1): Hydroxylamine, NH2OH
  • Nitrogen (+1): Nitrous Oxide, N2O
  • Nitrogen (+2): Nitric Oxide, NO
  • Nitrogen (+3): Dinitrogen Trioxide, N2O3, and Nitrous Acid, HNO2
  • Nitrogen (+4): Nitrogen Dioxide, NO2
  • Nitrogen (+5): Dinitrogen Pentoxide, N2O5, and Nitric Acid, HNO3
  • 16.4. Reactions and Compounds of Practical Importance
  • Nitrogen Fixation
  • Nitrates and Nitrites
  • Nitrogen Air Bags
  • Matches and Phossy Jaw
  • Phosphates
  • 16.5. Selected Topic in Depth: Photochemical Smog
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 17. Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium, and Polonium
  • 17.1. Discovery and Isolation of the Elements
  • Sulfur
  • Tellurium and Selenium (Earth and Moon)
  • Polonium
  • 17.2. Fundamental Properties and the Network
  • Hydrides
  • Oxides and Oxoacids
  • Halides --
  • Contents note continued: 17.3. Allotropes and Compounds Involving Element-Element Bonds
  • Allotropes
  • Polycations and Anions
  • Catenated Halides and Hydrides
  • Catenated Oxoacids and Corresponding Salts
  • 17.4. Sulfur Nitrides
  • 17.5. Reactions and Compounds of Practical Importance
  • Sodium-Sulfur Batteries
  • Photoelectric Uses of Selenium and Tellurium
  • Sulfuric Acid
  • 17.6. Selected Topic in Depth: Acid Rain
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 18. Group 7A: The Halogens
  • 18.1. Discovery and Isolation of the Elements
  • Chlorine
  • Iodine
  • Bromine
  • Fluorine
  • Astatine
  • 18.2. Fundamental Properties and the Network
  • Hydrides
  • Halides
  • Oxides
  • 18.3. Oxoacids and Their Salts
  • Hypohalous Acids, HOX, and Hypohalites, OX
  • Halous Acids, HOXO, and Halites, XO2
  • Halic Acids, HOXO2, and Halates, XO3
  • Perhalic Acids, HOXO3, and Perhalates, XO4
  • 18.4. Neutral and Ionic Interhalogens
  • 18.5. Reactions and Compounds of Practical Importance
  • Fluoridation
  • Chlorination
  • Bleaches
  • Bromides
  • 18.6. Selected Topic in Depth: Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)---A Threat to the Ozone Layer
  • Summary
  • Problems
  • 19. Group 8A: The Noble Gases
  • 19.1. Discovery and Isolation of the Elements
  • Argon
  • Helium
  • Krypton, Neon, and Xenon
  • Radon
  • 19.2. Fundamental Properties and the Network
  • 19.3. Compounds of Noble Gases
  • History
  • Fluorides
  • Structures
  • Other Compounds
  • 19.4. Physical Properties and Elements of Practical Importance
  • 19.5. Selected Topic in Depth: Radon as a Carcinogen
  • Summary
  • Problems.
Other information
  • Rev. ed. of: Introduction to coordination, solid state, and descriptive inorganic chemistry. c1994.
  • Includes bibliographical references (p. 593-601) and index.
ISBN
  • 9780840068460
  • 0840068468
  • 9781111427153 (pbk. : International ed.)
  • 1111427151 (pbk. : International ed.)
Identifying numbers
  • LCCN: 2010941370
  • OCLC: 663950017
  • OCLC: 663950017